TOP 5 TECHNICAL ISSUES WITH ‘SHANDONG’ THAT WILL LIMIT ITS COMBAT CAPABILITY ! !

China has officially commissioned its second aircraft carrier, the Shandong. The ceremony took place on 17 December 2019. Chinese President.


China has officially commissioned its second
aircraft carrier, the Shandong. The ceremony took place on 17 December 2019. Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over
the commissioning ceremony at a naval base in Sanya, on the southern island of Hainan,
the ship’s home port. Shandong is a first-generation Chinese aircraft
carrier that was launched on 26 April 2017 for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN)
of China. It is the country’s second aircraft carrier
after the completion of Liaoning, and the first built domestically. The Chinese fleet now ties the Royal Navy
as the second-biggest operator of aircraft carriers that are capable of operating fixed-wing
aircraft. The U.S. Navy is in the number one position
and possesses around 20ships capable of launching and recovering airplanes. Shandong’s commission is a significant step
for China but there are reasons to believed that the Shandong will have a limited impact
on a battlefield. In this video Defense Updates analyses why
China’s second aircraft carrier Shandong is a paper tiger? Let’s get started. This video is sponsored by War Thunder, the
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bonus tank or aircraft or ship and three days of premium account. Shandong is constructed by the Dalian Shipbuilding
Industry which is a part of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation It is basically a larger copy of China’s
first carrier Liaoning, a refurbished Ukrainian hull from the 1980s. Shandong has a length of 315 m or 1,033 ft
and is expected to have a displacement of around 70,000 tons when fully loaded. To give viewers a perspective, American Nimitz
class supercarriers have an overall length of 332.8 m or 1,092 feet and displaces 100,000
tonnes. The aircraft carrier’s name was officially
announced on Tuesday before that it was known as the Type 001A. It is interesting to note that both the aircraft
carriers of China, Shandong and Liaoning, are named after coastal provinces close to
Beijing. According to several analysts, Liaoning was
intended to act as more of a training vessel but Shandong is likely to be deployed in combat
missions We will now look at 5 technical issues with
the Shandong Shandong like Liaoning uses ski-jump configuration. Ski jump configuration restricts aircraft’s
takeoff weight. This, in turn, limits maximum payload capacity
and hence impacts range and armament capacity. American Nimitz-class carriers launch planes
using steam-actuated catapults. These don’t have the limitations of the
ski ramp. Aircraft launched by catapults can get airborne
quicker and with greater quantities of fuel and ammunition. This will certainly put the American carrier
in a better position when it undertakes a strike mission. But the U.S is moving towards a better system. Ford-class uses Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch
System (EMALS), the first to do so. The system uses a linear induction motor with
an electric current to generate a magnetic field. That field then propels a carriage down a
track. The power delivery is linear unlike with steam
catapult and hence puts less stress on the aircraft. EMALS are more suitable for launching next-generation
fighters as well as drones. These also require less maintenance. Shandong is powered by conventional oil-fired
boilers driving eight steam turbines derived from the Soviet-era examples installed on
Liaoning It is thought to possess a max speed of about
30 knots (55.5 km/h; 34.5 mph) and a max range of 10,000 nautical miles. The non-nuclear propulsion limits the range
of Shandong and its endurance. American Nimitz and Ford-class being nuclear
powered, have unlimited range and endurance. Also, the limited power in Shandong leaves
very little headroom for future upgrades like installing laser weapons or rail guns which
require power. For instance, 2 Bechtel A1B nuclear reactors
are installed on each Ford-class carrier. Each one of these is capable of producing
300 MW of electricity, triple the 100 MW of each Nimitz-class. The more powerful reactors were installed
so that there is enough power for future weapons upgrades. Viewers may note that laser weapons or rail
guns are no longer a distant dream and any carriers will require them going forward. Especially, laser weapons are seen as a potential
defense against hypersonic anti-ship missiles that are being developed by some nations like
Russia. Early warning aircraft is very important for
an aircraft carrier. These can fly ahead of the aircraft carrier
and keep an eye on the battlespace. American carriers use the very capable airborne
early warning platform, the E-2D Hawkeye manufactured by Northrop Grumman. Operating from an altitude above 25,000ft,
the Hawkeye can warn the naval task force of approaching threats and can provide positional
data so that fighter aircraft such as F18s or F 35s can be directed to meet the threat. Chinese carriers cannot operate large, specialized
airborne early warning aircraft because of ski-jump design. This makes a huge tactical difference and
dramatically impacts the way Shandong will operate in a threat environment. To compensate for the lack of a large AEW
plane, the Chinese navy has acquired Z-18J and Ka-31 helicopters that carry air-surveillance
radars. But these are no match to an aircraft like
E-2D Hawkeye. Shandong’s main strike aircraft will be
Shenyang J-15. The Shenyang J-15 also known as Flying Shark
is a 4th generation, twin-jet, all-weather, carrier-based fighter aircraft in development
by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation and the 601 Institute for the Chinese People’s Liberation
Army Navy’s aircraft carriers. J-15 which is basically an unethical copy
of Russian Su-33 uses indigenous Shenyang Liming WS-10H engines which is underpowered. It is thought to have a low maximum launch
weight. With this weight limitation, a J-15 carrier
fighter cannot carry a full load of fuel and weapons. So, it has neither a good range or an effective
weapons package. China’s own media has come down heavily
on it. Beijing-based Sina Military Network (SMN)
criticized the capabilities of the J-15 as nothing more than a “flopping fish” incapable
of flying from the Liaoning with heavy weapons, “effectively crippling its attack range
and firepower. Not only this, the aircraft has seen several
crashes due to issues that are traced back to its engine and China is still struggling
to find a dependable replacement. So, it’s clear that Shandong is vulnerable
because of Shenyang J-15. There are two important aspects of military
hardware – quality and quantity. To understand this, let us look back into
history. The German Tiger tank was more powerful than
almost all the allied tanks but they were not available on the battlefield in large
numbers. Having Shenyang J-15 as the strike aircraft
means the ‘quality’ is questionable. But this is not it, the ‘quantity’ is also
not favorable. One of the main advantages of an aircraft
carrier is that it enables power projection far off from the homeland. This is made possible by the air wing of the
carrier which can fly out from the carrier and carry strikes on military assets of the
opponents. Shandong’s bigger hangars will enable it
to carry 36 J-15s, versus the 24 Liaoning can carry. This is far less than American Nimitz or Ford
class carriers which are capable of having more than 60 strike fighters. This means Shandong will have a much smaller
striking capacity and this will greatly hamper its offensive and defensive capacity.

46 thoughts on “TOP 5 TECHNICAL ISSUES WITH ‘SHANDONG’ THAT WILL LIMIT ITS COMBAT CAPABILITY ! !”

  1. at 8:00 min hopefully those missiles are for display because 1. i wouldn't want to be near a plane that has its wings folded with missiles on them parked at the end of the day, and 2. that's extra weight on the folding hydraulics

  2. "Will have limited effect on the battlefield". Well, I would hope so since its in the ocean, not a field. I think a more appropriate phrase would be 'Theatre of operation"

  3. SCARED DOGS BARKS LOUDER THE UNITED STATES OF SATAN WILL ABSOLUTELY POSITIVELY AND MOST DEFINITELY WILL BE DESTROYED AT DAYTIME BY A NUCLEAR WARHEAD MISSILE.

  4. THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER HAS NOT IS FULL SERVICE YET HOW CAN YOU DETERMINE ITS CAPABILITY THAT SOON. DO YOU THINK THE WORLD WTHAT DUMB?

  5. THIS WHITE BASSTARD IS A SALESMAN OF THE U.S. INDUSTRY MILITARY COMPLEX. AND HOW DID YOU GET ALL THAT INFO FROM CHINA. NEVER TRUST A LIAR THE U.S HAS LIED THROUGHOUT ITS EXISTENCE.

  6. Their 2nd air craft carrier is still just been in China, but the weapons are still in question and can't be relied on as they have not been tried against any country, and the aircraft are also have big question mark as they have proven yet to operate from Air Craft Carries and will face a lot technical issues with them so paper tiger.

  7. BULLS. YOU DIDN'T MENTION THAT THE ENTIRE US MILITARY IS A PAPER TIGER. LOOK AT THE WAY THEY RUN AWAY FROM SYRIA, BULLYING THE WEAK.

  8. Well no one needs to be a running dog in the face of this wax paper tiger and if you have one of those little red book of ChinamanMao. Chuck it ! Even his right hand man Chou,en,lia, had to tell him how ignorant he was ! Being the grand asswarmer, that he was ! They even copied our wax paper invented by Thomas Alva Edison !

  9. Are the engines off the J-15 going to find American replacements in event of war and the Chinese nationalize any American aircraft manufacturers that have been attracted to their country? I know those engines are suitable for the J-15 but that technology is most likely transferrable to their manufacture. American industries are playing with fire when they move manufacturing facilities to China and agree to share their technology and intellectual property while drooling over their market size and cheap labor.

  10. The US seems to always believe that any achievement made by China has been stolen from them. They will also said the 5G technology developed by HuaWei was stolen from them. Soon, they will even claimed that Gun powder was first discovered and invented by the Americans and stolen by the Chinese. What the fuck!

  11. We get it America number 1. China poor peasants. China no warship. China ship made out of wood. Chinese people can’t afford healthcare, no freedom, no food. We get it democracy and capitalism amazing. We get it America bully poor country and black people. We get it America very rich. We get it Donald trump very smart. Go fk some healthcare America and keep ur stinky nose out of other nations.

  12. Not to mention that all "friendly" nations in disputes with Chinese bullying around the area either just bought or are buying Indian's Brahmos supersonic anti-ship missiles; Vietnam and Philippines i.e.. If the purchased missiles' versions and ranges accounted; ship-to-ship, air-to-ship, Taiwan straight may probably be the only patch of water Shandong crews have hopes that they'd be back home in one piece.

  13. Everyone should note that the numbers given for electrical production is not the total power output of those reactors, it's the power specifically for the electrical plant that is generated by the ship's turbine generators. A Nimitz class carrier has 2x A4W reactors that combine to produce about 1100 MW of thermal power. The primary and secondary plant, at about a 28% efficiency rate, is able to produce about 100 MW of electrical energy from that (turbine generators) plus about 210 MW of horsepower (280,000 shaft horsepower) to the 4 propellers. The Ford class features two A1B reactors that combine to produce about 1400 MW of thermal energy (about 27% more thermal power than the Nimitz's A4W reactors) and the primary and secondary power plants are designed to be more efficient, with something around a 36% efficiency mark with the same rated power to the main engines (210 MW for 280,000 shp) but a total of about 300 MW of electrical power via the turbine generators. This is REALLY REALLY important because newer technologies like lasers and railguns, high power radar systems like the Dual Band Radar (AN/SPY-3 + AN/SPY 4), and revolutionary defensive systems like dynamic armor will all require a shit ton of electrical power, and these are systems that really can't be retrofitted onto existing warships (other than the Ford class) without having to rip out the entire propulsion and electrical plant, which is pretty much just as expensive as just scrapping existing ships and building new ones.

  14. I think China is doing great about developing their navy. A few years ago, they had their first aircraft, now the 2nd one, next year maybe the 3rd one. By 2030, there will be at least 6, among which at least two will be super carrier better than Ford. Why it's so hard to admit that China is making progress? Please name one other country that is doing better than China. I don't believe YouTube comments can sink the boat. LOL.

  15. Yes it is paper tiger, please make first fire please. Talking too much make you like a crybaby . Just fight winner takes all

  16. For those who want to know the 5 limitations introduced straight away:

    1. No catapult
    2. No nuclear power
    3. Limited early warning capability
    4. Obsolete J-15 aircraft
    5. Limited air wing capability

    They are legit shortcoming of the aircraft carrier–If you compare it to the Ford class or Nimitz class. The US literally started building aircraft carrier 1 whole century earlier than China. To be honest the current fighting capability of Chinese aircraft carrier should not be compared to that of US nuclear aircraft carrier at all. I would expect that Kitty Eagle class still would outperform 002 class overall.

    But to be honest, US and France are the only two countries with nuclear powered aircraft carrier. Chinese are developing EM catapult and it looks perspective at the moment. J-15 is planned to be replaced by some more advanced models. Well there is no such a thing at a moment yet. JC-31 does not look very promising.

    It is probably more useful to analyse the advantage of Shandong over Liaoning. This would help us learn how fast they can catch up with the US.

  17. I often enjoy this channel, even though it's heavily Western-biased sponsored review. But this time, the comparison of Shandong vs Ford-class is childishly generic and unfair. Why not compare this Chinese aircraft carrier with other more similarly designed Western counterpart, e.g.: Queen Elizabeth-class (QE) aircraft carrier?

    DISPLACEMENT:
    Shandong: 50k tons
    QE: 65k tons

    LENGTH:
    Shandong: 315 m
    QE: 284 m

    CATAPULT:
    Shandong: No
    QE: No (may be fitted in future)

    NUCLEAR POWERED:
    Shandong: No
    QE: No

    FIXED-WING AEW:
    Shandong: No
    QE: No

    FIGHTER WINGS:
    Shandong: J-15
    QE: F-35

    AIRWINGS COUNT:
    Shandong: 40
    QE: 50

    For sure, Chinese has no previous experience in building aircraft carrier, where in term of ship quality, Shandong may not even a match for QE. However, the mere existence of this Shandong already served it purpose of "fleet in being", forcing other nations' navy to allocate large number of deterrent assets just to make sure Shandong is ready to be countered. Chinese PLA Navy is not really a blue-water force, but Shandong is more than enough to intimidate almost all its regional neighbors.

  18. Chinese carriers were designed for different purposes. They are not meant to wage distant wars. Rather, they are meant to be deployed on diplomatic missions and to protect nearby islands and the straight of Taiwan.

    This video does a good job in breaking down the inferiority of these carriers when compared to those from the US, but clearly lacks insights into the purpose of the Chinese navy

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