Battle Of Britain: Combat & Balance of Force

The Battle of Britain is like a cuddling toy It is popular everybody wants to touch it, and it’s very.

The Battle of Britain is like a cuddling toy It is popular everybody wants to touch it, and it’s very fuzzy or as [professor] Overy [put] [it] Most battles have a clear shape to them they start on a particular day They are fought on a geographically defined ground the end at the recognizable moment usually with the defeat of one Protagonist or the other none [of] these things can [be] said of the battle of britain The geography of the Battle of Britain is wide and fuzzy due to several reasons first the German attacks were flown against various Targets like ships Industrial Targets and Airfields second the raf also flew attack against German shipping industry and Harbours and third it is often neglected [that] the royal navy and Kriegsmarine, bomber and coastal command were also involved After all the battle of Britain was seen by both sides as prelude to the invasion of Great britain Let’s take a look at the overall balance of Force in the contemporary Estimates both sides usually had wrong were completely wrong estimates on the other sides amount of operational planes throughout the whole battle to do a proper estimation of force of a longer period of time One needs [three] numbers the initial strength the number of losses and the number of replacements now the British got the first second and third number on Whereas the Germans got the second and third number wrong But first you might think well the germans were less wrong. Well no because they were wrong in the wrong way the Underestimated the replacement output of the British was the british Overestimated the replacement output of the butts so let’s take a look at the numbers For the initial strength the luftwaffe got the estimate in mid july 1940 quite right because the estimated 675 Operational British Fighters and in August 1940 the fighter command had around 700 operational planes in contrast the British estimated the front Lines range of the luftwaffe at i love your ass 5,800 aircraft in August 1940 Whereas the Frontline strength for the Luftwaffe september [3,000] planes with 2,000 operational and only 1,700 aircraft used against [Britain] now in terms of production The British assumed that German aircraft output was around 2000 planes per month Whereas the Germans estimated that the British industry could prove 200 fighters per month the real numbers were quite different the germans on average could only prove thousand planes per month as the British boost a bit more than 400 fighters per month so basically both sides got the production numbers wrong by a factor of at least two times just in different directions Now in terms of reported kills both sides also got highly inflated kill numbers, but since the british Overestimated all German numbers this error actually corrected the estimates in the correct Direction was the Germans underestimation of the [British] production further increased the Gap between reality and their Intelligence as a result the germans assumed to fight a way smaller force in the actually did which led [to] flawed [soot] [dziedzic] decisions? because the switch to a new stage [in] a plan that was missing the Prerequisite state this ford intelligence didn’t change throughout [the] course of the battle [that] is usually divided into four phases The first phase of the Battle was from June to mid august 1940 it was used by both sides to learn in the depth the Chairman’s operation when every armed recon the amount of [bond] aircraft was Limited was a large amount of fighters were used during a day the area of operation was mostly the British coastline Yet during night targets all over britain were attacked British adapted their approach and only sent a small amount of fighters against the attacks in case [diverges] the diversion improved the tactics coordination and Communications Germans learned that the bombers needed escorts since fighter command progress bombers which meant they’d had to give up Flexibility one of the strongest advantages since German fighter pilots are mostly trained and experienced in free roaming hunting missions the second phase began around mid august 1940 now the german attacks focused on destroying the British fighters and Airfields for about four [weeks] the Germans start around 50 main attacks against, Airfields additionally over around thousand small raids against other targets like industry supplies and Communications whilst there were only six major raids against the radar installations detects on the air of limited success Somewhere not operationally for several days or nights in total whereas by the end of August German intelligence assumed that at least eight Airfields were completely knocked out and many others badly damaged. This was clearly not the case since no [afl’s] was permanently put out of action Fighter Command adapted to the strikes and new Squadrons to protect important, Airfields must auto attack the raids Hurricanes were usually used against bombas whereas spitfires were used against enemy fighters British defense system described in my earlier video Was probably never really understood by the Germans they assumed the British were fighting a decent dry ice battle where each? Airfield fought for its own this was probably the reason why there was no systematic attack on the Raider installations furthermore the Chairman’s Overestimated the [amount] of damage inflicted against fighters or installations assumed that in august about 50% of the British fighters were destroyed in early september it was reported to goering that the fighter commanded only 100 Operational fighters left while the real numbers were bit off if we define the difference of six hundred fighters as a bit yet the heavy Fighting took a toll on both sides during the time period from August the 6th to September the 2nd fighter command lost 440 Fighter planes. Whereas the Germans lost the same amount of fighters in the shorter period From 8th of august to the 31st of august additionally lost another 460 Aircraft yet in early September came the switch to take primarily London which removed pressure from fighter command This change is usually seen as the beginning of the third phase this move is usually regarded as a revenge attack Ordered by Hitler for the bombing of Berlin this assumption seems to be wrong The decision to launch attacks in London rested with hitler, but all the preparation was in place long before Additionally London was already bombed before the bombings on Berlin happened the attacks on London were problematic for the luftwaffe the fighters were operating at the limits of their range the losses from Previous weeks of heavy fighting the extensive and goering ordered the fighters to fly not above the bombers anymore But directly with them which lessened their flexibility even more due to the high losses to stay in Bombing [attacks] which [greater] [later] night bombings for the London attacks the luftwaffe text from a higher altitude? this presented several problems for the Raf first radar was less accurate at this altitude and Second two fighters usually couldn’t get above the German planes which would have been the [ideal] attack position to [adapt] [to] the situation fighters [were] [given] more time to assemble and spitfires were flying high altitude patrols the losses for the luftwaffe were high in the first weeks the Germans lost 200 bombers and 100 Fighters Whereas fighter command Lost 120 fighters the losses continued to be high and after about 10 days the luftwaffe switch to nighttime attacks although the invasion of England was called off the battle of Britain wasn’t all one day attacks in Great Britain were continued and Around October 1940 it entered the fourth and final phase this phase Consisted mostly of night bombings and large Daylight fight Operations the night bombers could only be engaged by anti-aircraft fire and thus the losses [were] minor the daylight Operations were performed with fighter bombers that were heavily escorted does the loss ratio of the fighter command was increasing? But it was too late and too little finally in november the daylight operations faded away in the battle of Britain was over Thank you for watching please like comment share and subscribe and see you next time

0 thoughts on “Battle Of Britain: Combat & Balance of Force”

  1. We British are used to being mocked but it is a little hard to have the Battle of Britain described as a cuddly teddy bear. Four hundred and six Bitish pilots were killed, 29 Poles, 20 Canadian, 14 Australian, 14 New Zealand, 9 South African, 8 Czech, 6 Belgian and 1 American also died. Small numbers perhaps, in the scheme of things, but they gave too much to be ridiculed.

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